Industrial Fabrics are available in three basic constructions.
Woven fabrics have two or more sets of yarns interlaced at right angles to each other.
Advantage: Economical and most widely used method of manufacturing fabrics for both industrial and retail use (example: FR Cotton, Nomex).
Knit fabrics are composed of intermeshing loops of yarn.
Advantage: Has stretch and elasticity, a good insulator (example: Terrycloth). Some knits are seamless (example: Keviar Tubing).
Nonwoven fabrics, or felts, are composed of webs (batts) of fibers that are entangled or layered. The fibers are often bonded with adhesives, thread stitching or other means.
Advantage: Very good insulator (example: Wool Felts, Nomex needle point for glove and mitt linnings). economical, has “memory”.